虽然植物这个词有时可以与商业或公司这两个词互换使用,但经济学家严格地将这个词用于物理生产设施,而不是公司本身。工厂或工厂很少是经济研究的唯一主题,而是工厂周围和内部发生的商业和经济决策通常是感兴趣的主题。另一方面,另一位经济学家可能对工业结构和组织方面的经济学更感兴趣,其中可能包括在定价决策,工业集团,纵向一体化甚至影响这些工厂的公共政策方面对工厂进行分析。和他们的业务。工厂在经济研究中也具有相关性,因为制造业的物理中心,其成本与采购决策密切相关,公司选择建立其业务的制造部分。例如,对全球制造业经济学的研究在金融和政治领域一直存在争议。以发电厂为例,经济学家可能对发电厂的制造经济学感兴趣,这通常是涉及固定成本和可变成本的成本问题。在经济学和金融学中,发电厂也被认为是资本密集型的​​长期资产,或者需要投入大量资金的资产。因此,经济学家可能有兴趣对电厂项目进行贴现现金流量分析。或者他们对受控制的公用事业公司的股权回报更感兴趣,可能由监管机构决定。简而言之,虽然植物本身(如果被理解为制造和生产的物理位置)并不总是经济研究的主要主题,但它们是现实世界经济问题的核心。

美国芝加哥大学经济学Assignment代写:植物在经济学中的相关性

Though the word plant is sometimes used interchangeably with the words business or firm, economists use the term strictly in relationship to a physical production facility, not the company itself. So rarely is a plant or factory the sole subject of economic study, but rather it is generally the business and economic decisions that take place surrounding and within the plant that are the topics of interest. On the other hand, another economist might be more interested in the economics of plants in terms of industrial structure and organization, which might include an analysis of plants in terms of pricing decisions, industrial groupings, vertical integration, and even public policy affecting those plants and their businesses. Plants also hold relevance in an economic study as the physical centers of manufacturing, the costs of which are very much intertwined with sourcing decisions and where companies choose to set up the manufacturing portion of their business. The study of the economics of global manufacturing, for example, is of constant debate in the financial and political spheres. Taking a power plant as the example, an economist might be interested in the manufacturing economics of the power plant, which is generally a matter of costing which involves both fixed and variable costs. In economics and finance, power plants are also considered long-lived assets that are capital intensive, or assets that require investments of large sums of money. As such, an economist might be interested in performing a discounted cash flow analysis of a power plant project. Or perhaps they are more interested in the return on equity of a power plant as for regulated utilities, it may be determined by a regulatory body. In short, though the plants themselves (if understood as the physical location of manufacturing and production) are not always the primary subjects of economic study, they are at the center of the real world economic concerns.

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