正如新加坡案例所示,罗斯托的模式仍然为一些国家的经济发展成功道路提供了依据。然而,他的模型有很多批评。虽然罗斯托说明了对资本主义制度的信仰,但学者们批评他偏向西方模式作为发展的唯一途径。罗斯托为发展制定了五个简洁的步骤,批评者指出,所有国家都没有以这种线性方式发展;一些跳过步骤或采取不同的路径。罗斯托的理论可以被归类为“自上而下”,或者强调从城市工业和西方影响到发展整个国家的涓滴现代化效应。后来理论家对这种方法提出了挑战,强调了一种“自下而上”的发展模式,即各国通过地方努力实现自给自足,而城市工业则没有必要。罗斯托还假设所有国家都希望以同样的方式发展,最终目标是大众消费,忽视每个社会所拥有的优先事项的多样性以及不同的发展措施。

澳大利亚堪培拉大学经济Essay代写:简洁的步骤

As the case of Singapore shows, Rostow’s model still provides a basis for the success of some countries’ economic development. However, his model has a lot of criticism. Although Rostow explained the belief in the capitalist system, scholars criticized him for favoring the Western model as the only way to develop. Rostow has developed five succinct steps for development, and critics point out that all countries have not developed in this linear way; some skip steps or take different paths. Rostow’s theory can be categorized as “top-down” or emphasize the modernization effect from urban industry and Western influence to the development of the entire country. Later theorists challenged this approach, emphasizing a “bottom-up” development model in which countries strive for self-sufficiency through local efforts, while urban industries are not necessary. Rostow also assumes that all countries want to develop in the same way, with the ultimate goal of mass consumption, ignoring the diversity of priorities that each society has and the different development measures.

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