与经济学中讨论的大多数成本不同,机会成本并不一定涉及金钱。任何行动的机会成本只是该行动的下一个最佳替代方案:如果您没有做出选择,您将会做些什么?机会成本的概念对于任何事物的真实成本是你必须放弃的所有事物的总和这一观点至关重要。机会成本仅考虑行动的下一个最佳替代方案,而不是整套替代方案,并考虑到两个选择之间的所有差异。我们实际上每天都在处理机会成本的概念。例如,一天工作的选项可能包括去看电影,呆在家里观看棒球比赛,或者和朋友一起去喝咖啡。选择去看电影意味着该行动的机会成本是第二选择。通常,做出选择包括两种类型的成本:显式和隐式。显性成本是货币支出,而隐性成本是无形的,因此难以解释。在某些情况下,例如周末计划,机会成本的概念仅包括这些放弃的替代方案或隐性成本。但在其他方面,例如企业的利润最大化,机会成本是指这种隐性成本总额的差异,以及第一选择和下一个最佳替代方案之间更典型的明确货币成本。机会成本的概念尤其重要,因为在经济学中,几乎所有的商业成本都包括机会成本的一些量化。为了做出决策,我们必须考虑收益和成本,我们通常通过边际分析来做到这一点。企业通过权衡边际收益和边际成本来实现利润最大化。在考虑运营成本时,最赚钱的是什么?投资的机会成本将涉及所选投资的回报与其他投资的回报之间的差异。同样,个人在日常生活中权衡个人机会成本,这些成本通常包括与明确的隐性成本一样多。例如,称重工作机会包括分析更多的福利,而不仅仅是工资。高薪工作并不总是被选择的选择,因为当您考虑诸如医疗保健,休假,地点,工作职责和幸福等福利时,低薪工作可能更适合。在这种情况下,工资差异将是机会成本的一部分,但不是全部。同样,在工作中额外工作几小时可以提供更多的工资,但却要花费更多时间在工作之外做事,这是一个就业机会成本。

英国伦敦政治经济大学Essay代写:机会成本

Unlike most of the costs discussed in economics, opportunity costs do not necessarily involve money. The opportunity cost of any action is just the next best alternative to the action: What would you do if you didn’t make a choice? The concept of opportunity cost is crucial to the notion that the true cost of anything is the sum of everything you have to give up. Opportunity costs only consider the next best alternative to action, not a complete alternative, and take into account all the differences between the two options. We are actually dealing with the concept of opportunity cost every day. For example, options for a day’s work may include going to the movies, staying at home to watch a baseball game, or having a coffee with friends. Choosing to go to the movies means that the opportunity cost of the action is the second choice. Often, making choices includes two types of costs: explicit and implicit. Explicit costs are monetary expenditures, while hidden costs are intangible and therefore difficult to interpret. In some cases, such as weekend plans, the concept of opportunity cost includes only those abandoned alternatives or hidden costs. But in other respects, such as the company’s profit maximization, opportunity cost refers to the difference in the total amount of hidden costs, and the more typical clear monetary cost between the first choice and the next best alternative. The concept of opportunity cost is especially important because in economics, almost all commercial costs include some quantification of opportunity costs. In order to make a decision, we must consider the benefits and costs, and we usually do this through marginal analysis. Companies maximize profit by weighing marginal and marginal costs. What is the most profitable when considering operating costs? The opportunity cost of an investment will involve the difference between the return on the selected investment and the return on other investments. Similarly, individuals weigh individual opportunity costs in their daily lives, which often include as much as explicit hidden costs. For example, weighing a job opportunity involves analyzing more benefits, not just wages. High-paying jobs are not always the choice of choice, because low-paying jobs may be more appropriate when you consider benefits such as health care, vacation, location, job responsibilities, and well-being. In this case, the wage difference will be part of the opportunity cost, but not all. Similarly, working extra hours at work can provide more wages, but it takes more time to do things outside of work, which is a job opportunity cost.

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