进化心理学是一门相对较新的科学学科,它研究人性如何随着时间的推移而演变为一系列建立的心理适应。许多进化生物学家和其他科学家仍然不愿意将进化心理学视为一门有效的科学。就像查尔斯·达尔文关于自然选择的观点一样,进化心理学关注的是如何选择有利于人性的适应性而不是有利的适应性。在心理学的范围内,这些适应可以是情绪或解决问题的技能。进化心理学与宏观进化有关,因为它看待人类物种,尤其是大脑,如何随着时间的推移而发生变化,并且它也植根于微观进化的观念。这些微观进化论主题包括DNA基因水平的变化。试图通过生物进化将心理学学科与进化论联系起来是进化心理学的目标。特别是,进化心理学家研究人类大脑是如何进化的。大脑的不同区域控制着人性的不同部分和身体的生理。进化心理学家认为,大脑的进化是为了解决非常具体的问题。进化论适用于几个必须进行心理适应以便物种发育的领域。首先是基本的生存技能,如意识,对刺激,学习和动机的反应。情绪和个性也属于这一类,尽管他们的进化比基本的本能生存技能复杂得多。语言的使用也作为心理学中进化规模的生存技能而联系在一起。进化心理学研究的另一个主要领域是物种的繁殖或交配。基于对其自然环境中其他物种的观察,人类交配的进化心理倾向于倾向于女性在伴侣中比男性更具选择性的观点。由于雄性本能地将其种子传播给任何可用的雌性,因此雄性人类大脑的进化选择性低于雌性。进化心理学研究的最后一个主要领域是人类与其他人的相互作用。这个大型研究领域包括对育儿,家庭和关系中的互动,与不相关的人的互动以及建立文化的类似想法的组合的研究。与地理一样,情绪和语言也会极大地影响这些互动。生活在同一地区的人们之间的互动频繁发生,最终导致特定文化的形成,这种文化是基于该地区的移民和移民而发展的。

澳大利亚麦考瑞大学心理学Essay代写:进化心理学

Evolutionary psychology is a relatively new scientific discipline that looks at how human nature has evolved over time as a series of built up psychological adaptations. Many evolutionary biologists and other scientists are still reluctant to recognize evolutionary psychology as a valid science. Much like Charles Darwin’s ideas about natural selection, evolutionary psychology focuses on how favorable adaptations of human nature are selected for over less favorable adaptations. In the scope of psychology, these adaptations could be in the form of emotions or problem-solving skills. Evolutionary psychology is related to both macroevolution in the sense that it looks at how the human species, especially the brain, has changed over time, and it is also rooted in the ideas attributed to microevolution. These microevolutionary topics include changes at the gene level of DNA. Attempting to link the discipline of psychology to the theory of evolution via biological evolution is the aim of evolutionary psychology. In particular, evolutionary psychologists study how the human brain has evolved. The different regions of the brain control different parts of human nature and the physiology of the body. Evolutionary psychologists believe that the brain evolved in response to solving very specific problems. The theory of evolution lends itself to several areas where psychological adaptations must occur in order for species to develop. The first is basic survival skills like consciousness, responding to stimuli, learning, and motivation. Emotions and personality also fall into this category, although their evolution is much more complex than basic instinctual survival skills. The use of language is also linked as a survival skill on the evolutionary scale within psychology. Another major area of evolutionary psychology research is the propagation of the species or mating. Based on observations of other species in their natural environments, the evolutionary psychology of human mating tends to lean toward the idea that females are more selective in their partners than males. Since males are instinctively wired spread their seed to any available female, the male human brain has evolved to be less selective than that of the female. The last major area of evolutionary psychology research centers on human interaction with other humans. This large research area includes research into parenting, interactions within families and relations, interactions with people that are not related and the combination of similar ideas to establish a culture. Emotions and language greatly influence these interactions, as does geography. Interactions occur more frequently among people living in the same area, which eventually leads to the creation of a specific culture that evolves based on immigration and emigration in the area.

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