在间谍和煽动行为下的着名起诉, 自第一次世界大战以来，一些美国人因违反间谍活动和煽动行为而被定罪或起诉。一些较为值得注意的案例包括：1918年，着名的劳工领袖和五届社会党美国社会党总统候选人尤金·德布斯一直批评美国参与战争，他在俄亥俄州发表讲话，敦促年轻人抵制注册军事草案。演讲结果显示，德布斯被捕并被指控犯有10项煽动罪。 9月12日，他被判有罪并判处10年监禁，并被剥夺了终身投票的权利。德布斯向最高法院提出上诉，最高法院一致裁定反对他。在维护Debs的定罪时，法院依据先前的Schenck诉美国案件中的先例，该判决认为可能破坏社会或美国政府的言论不受第一修正案的保护。德布斯于1920年从他的牢房中竞选总统，在狱中服刑三年，期间他的健康状况迅速恶化。 1921年12月23日，总统沃伦·G·哈丁（Warren G. Harding）将德布斯的判刑改判为时间。 1950年8月，美国公民朱利叶斯和埃塞尔罗森伯格被指控为苏联从事间谍活动。在美国是世界上唯一拥有核武器的国家的时候，罗森伯格被指控给予苏联绝密核武器设计，以及有关雷达，声纳和喷气发动机的信息。经过漫长而有争议的审判后，罗森伯格被判犯有间谍罪，并根据1917年“间谍法”第2条被判处死刑。该判决于1953年6月19日日落时执行。
A well-known prosecution under spying and incitement, since the First World War, some Americans have been convicted or prosecuted for violating espionage and incitement. Some of the more notable examples include: In 1918, the famous labor leader and the five-time Socialist Party, the Socialist Party presidential candidate, Eugene Debus, have been criticizing the United States for participating in the war. He spoke in Ohio and urged young people to boycott the registered military. draft. The results of the speech showed that Debus was arrested and charged with 10 counts of incitement. On September 12, he was found guilty and sentenced to 10 years in prison and deprived of his right to a lifelong vote. Debus filed an appeal with the Supreme Court, which unanimously ruled against him. In defending Debs’ convictions, the court relied on precedents in the previous Schenck v. US case, which held that the claims that might harm society or the US government were not protected by the First Amendment. Debusi ran for president in his cell in 1920 and served his sentence in prison for three years, during which his health deteriorated rapidly. On December 23, 1921, President Warren G. Harding sentenced Debus’s sentence to time. In August 1950, American citizens Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were accused of spying for the Soviet Union. When the United States was the only country in the world with nuclear weapons, Rosenberg was accused of giving the Soviet Union a top-secret nuclear weapon design, as well as information about radar, sonar and jet engines. After a long and controversial trial, Rosenberg was convicted of espionage and sentenced to death under section 2 of the 1917 Spy Code. The decision was executed on the evening of June 19, 1953.