Yes! The Holy See maintains international relations; the term “Holy See” refers to the combination of power, jurisdiction and sovereignty of the Pope and his advisers in directing the global Roman Catholic Church. Built in 1929, the Vatican City provides territorial features to the Holy See and is a recognized national territory of international law. The Holy See maintains formal diplomatic relations with 174 countries, 68 of which have permanent diplomatic missions accredited by the Holy See. Most embassies are outside the Vatican City and are Rome. The missions of other countries are located outside of Italy and have dual certification. The Holy See maintains 106 permanent diplomatic missions for the nation-states of the world. The Vatican City/Holy See is not a member of the United Nations. They are observers. Therefore, the Vatican City does meet all eight independent national status standards, so we should treat it as an independent country.