查尔斯·达尔文被称为“进化之父”,因为他是第一个发表他的理论的人,他不仅描述了进化是物种随时间的变化,而且还建立了一种机制,使其起作用(称为自然选择)。可以说,没有任何其他进化学者是众所周知的,并被尊为达尔文。事实上,“达尔文主义”一词已经成为进化论的同义词,但当人们说“达尔文主义”这个词时,究竟意味着什么呢?更重要的是,达尔文主义不是什么意思?达尔文主义在托马斯·赫胥黎于1860年首次进入词典时,只是为了描述物种随时间变化的信念。在最基本的术语中,达尔文主义成为查尔斯达尔文对进化的解释的同义词,并在某种程度上成为他对自然选择的描述。这些想法最初发表在他可以说是最着名的“物种起源”一书中,是直接的,经得起时间的考验。因此,最初,达尔文主义只包括物种随着时间的推移而变化的事实,因为自然选择了人口中最有利的适应性。这些具有更好适应性的个体活得足够长,可以繁殖并将这些特征传递给下一代,从而确保物种的生存。虽然许多学者坚持认为这应该是达尔文主义这个词应该涵盖的信息范围,但随着时间的推移,随着更多的数据和信息随时可用,进化论本身也发生了变化。例如,达尔文对遗传学一无所知,因为直到他去世后,格雷戈尔·孟德尔才用他的豌豆植物做了他的工作并发表了数据。许多其他科学家在被称为新达尔文主义的时期提出了进化的替代机制。然而,随着时间的推移,这些机制都没有出现,查尔斯达尔文的原始主张被恢复为正确的领先的进化论。现在,进化理论的现代综合有时用“达尔文主义”一词来描述,但这有点误导,因为它不仅包括遗传学,还包括达尔文未探索的其他主题,如通过DNA突变和其他分子生物学原理的微进化。

澳大利亚新南威尔士大学Essay代写:达尔文主义

Charles Darwin is known as the “father of evolution” because he was the first person to publish his theory. He not only described evolution as a change in species over time, but also established a mechanism to make it work ( Called natural selection). It can be said that no other evolutionary scholar is well known and is honored as Darwin. In fact, the term “darwinism” has become synonymous with evolution, but what does it mean when people say the word “darwinism”? More importantly, what does Darwinism mean? When Darwinism first entered the dictionary in 1860, Thomas was only to describe the belief that species changed over time. In the most basic terminology, Darwinism became synonymous with Charles Darwin’s interpretation of evolution and to some extent became his description of natural selection. These ideas were originally published in what he can be said to be the most famous book “The Origin of Species,” which is straightforward and can stand the test of time. Therefore, at first, Darwinism only included the fact that species changed over time, because nature chose the most favorable adaptation of the population. These individuals with better adaptability live long enough to reproduce and pass these characteristics to the next generation to ensure the survival of the species. Although many scholars insist that this should be the scope of information that the word Darwinism should cover, as time goes on, as more data and information are readily available, evolution itself has changed. For example, Darwin knew nothing about genetics, because until his death, Gregor Mendel did his work with his pea plant and published data. Many other scientists have proposed alternative mechanisms of evolution during the period known as New Darwinism. However, these mechanisms did not appear over time, and Charles Darwin’s original claim was restored to the correct leading evolution. Nowadays, the modern synthesis of evolutionary theory is sometimes described by the term “darwinism”, but this is somewhat misleading because it includes not only genetics, but also other topics not explored by Darwin, such as through DNA mutations and other principles of molecular biology. Micro-evolution.

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