对于那些新入住在家自学的人来说,家庭教育法中使用的术语可能并不熟悉。您需要了解的一些基本术语包括:强制出勤:这是指儿童被要求在某种类型的学校环境中工作的年龄。在大多数为家庭学生规定强制出勤年龄的州,最低年龄通常在5岁至7岁之间。最高年龄一般在16岁至18岁之间。意向声明(或通知):许多州要求家庭教育家庭每年向州或县学校监督提交家庭学校意向通知。本通知的内容可能因州而异,但通常包括家庭儿童的姓名和年龄,家庭地址和家长的签名。教学时间:大多数州指定每年的小时数和/或天数孩子应该接受指导。有些人,如俄亥俄州,每年提供900小时的指导。格鲁吉亚等其他国家每个学年每天规定四个半小时,为期180天。投资组合:一些州提供投资组合选项代替标准化测试或专业评估。投资组合是一系列文件,概述您每个学年的学生进度。它可能包括记录,如出勤率,成绩,完成的课程,工作样本,项目照片和考试成绩。范围和顺序:范围和顺序是学生在整个学年中学习的主题和概念列表。这些概念通常按学科和年级水平进行细分。标准化测试:许多州要求家庭学校学生定期进行全国标准化考试。符合每个州的要求的测试可能会有所不同。伞学校/覆盖学校:一些州给予家庭学生选择参加保护伞或覆盖学校的选项。这可能是一所实际的私立学校,或者仅仅是一个为帮助在家自学的家庭遵守州内法律而建立的组织。学生在家中由其父母教授,但保险学校为他们的在校学生保存记录。保险学校要求的记录根据所在州的法律而有所不同。这些文件由家长提交,可能包括出勤率,考试成绩和成绩。一些雨伞学校帮助家长选择课程并提供成绩单,文凭和毕业典礼。

澳大利亚西澳大学Essay代写:在考虑家庭学校法律时需要了解的条款

To those who are new to homeschooling, the terminology used in homeschool laws may be unfamiliar. Some of the basic terms you need to know include:Compulsory attendance: This refers to the ages children are required to be in some type of school setting. In most states that define a compulsory attendance age for homeschoolers, the minimum is usually between the ages of 5 and 7. The maximum is generally between the ages of 16 and 18.Declaration (or Notice) of Intent: Many states require that homeschooling families submit an annual notice of intent to homeschool to either the state or county school superintendent. The content of this notice can vary by state, but usually includes the names and ages of the homeschooled children, the home address, and the parent’s signature.Hours of instruction: Most states specify the number of hours and/or days per year during which children should be receiving instruction. Some, like Ohio, state 900 hours of instruction per year. Others, such as Georgia, specify four and one-half hours per day for 180 days each school year.
Portfolio: Some states offer a portfolio option in place of standardized testing or professional evaluation. A portfolio is a collection of documents outlining your student’s progress each school year. It may include records such as attendance, grades, courses completed, work samples, photos of projects, and test scores.
Scope and sequence: A scope and sequence is a list of topics and concepts that a student will learn throughout the school year. These concepts are usually broken down by subject and grade level.Standardized test: Many states require that homeschool students take nationally standardized tests at regular intervals. The tests that meet each state’s requirements may vary.Umbrella schools/cover schools: Some states give the option for homeschooled students to enroll in an umbrella or cover school. This may be an actual private school or simply an organization established to help homeschooling families comply with the laws in their state.Students are taught at home by their parents, but the cover school maintains records for their enrolled students. The records required by cover schools vary based on the laws of the state in which they are located. These documents are submitted by parents and may include attendance, test scores, and grades.Some umbrella schools help parents choose curriculum and offer transcripts, diplomas, and graduation ceremonies.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注